|2004||2017||ONUCI||Côte D’Ivoire||The resolution 1528 of 27 February 2004, established the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) in substitution of MINUCI, as from 4 April. The ONUCI mandate includes the support to the peace process linked to the Linas-Marcoussis accord; support the Ivorian Government in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants with especial focus to the specific needs of women and children; as well as surveillance of the cease fire and movements of arm groups.|
|2004||2017||MINUSTAH||Haití||Established in Haiti to stabilize the country, pacify and disarm irregular armed groups, promote free and informed elections and foster economic institutional development|
|2013||2015||MINUSMA||Mali||Support political processes in that country and carry out a number of security-related tasks. The Mission was asked to support the transitional authorities of Mali in the stabilization of the country and implementation of the transitional roadmap.|
|2009||2010||MINURCAT||Central African Republic||To contribute to the protection of civilians; promote human rights and the rule of law, and promote peace in the region in the Central African Republic and Chad|
|2007||2011||UNMIN||Nepal||The Communist Party of Nepal requested UN assistance to create clean and free election to designate the constituent assembly|
|2006||2012||UNMIT||Timor-Leste||Created as consequences of a major political, humanitarian and security crisis which erupted in Timor-Leste in April-May 2006. Among other things, UNMIT was mandated to support the Government in “consolidating stability, enhancing a culture of democratic governance, and facilitating political dialogue among Timorese stakeholders, in their efforts to bring about a process of national reconciliation and to foster social cohesion”.|
|2005||2008||UNMISS||Sudan||The Security Council, by its resolution 1590 (2005) of 24 March 2005, decided to establish the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) to support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army on 9 January 2005; and to perform certain functions relating to humanitarian assistance, and protection and promotion of human rights. UNMIS provided good offices and political support to the parties, monitored and verified their security arrangements and assisted in a number of other areas, including governance, recovery and development.|
|2004||2006||UNFICYP||Cyprus||To prevent further fighting between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities.|
|2004||2006||ONUB||Burundi||Having determined that the situation in Burundi continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region in order to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation.|
|2003||2011||UNAMA||Afghanistan||Established for the foundations of peace for a free development in Afghanistan.|
|2003||2004||MINUCI||Côte D’Ivoire||Given that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire constituted a threat to international peace and security in the region, to facilitate the implementation by the Ivorian parties of an agreement signed by them (the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement) and for complement the operations of the peacekeeping force composed of French troops and the States of the Economic Community of West African States.|
|2003||2015||UNMIL||Liberia||It was a multidimensional operation composed of political, military, civil police, criminal justice, civil affairs, human rights, gender issues, child protection, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, public information and support, as well as, at the time timely, an electoral element. The mission included a mechanism for coordinating its activities with those of humanitarian and development entities. UNMIL worked in close coordination with ECOWAS and the African Union.|
|2002||2005||UNMISET||East Timor||East Timor became an independent country on 20 May 2002, marking the end of a three-year process towards independence under the guidance of the United Nations. On that day, the Security Council established UNMISET to provide assistance to East Timor over a period of two years until all operational responsibilities were fully devolved to the East Timor authorities. Subsequently, the Council extended mission’s mandate for another year to permit the new nation, which had changed its name to Timor-Leste, to attain self-sufficiency. UNMISET successfully completed its mandate on 20 May 2005.|
|2000||2008||UNMEE||Ethiopia – Eritrea||Established to maintain liaison with the parties and establish a mechanism for verifying the ceasefire at the border conflict, where Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a ceasefire agreement after the proximity talks led by Algeria and the Organization of African Unity, in order to monitor the cessation of hostilities and help ensure compliance with security commitments.|
|1999||2005||UNAMSIL||Sierra Leone||Established to cooperate with the Government and the other parties in implementing the Lome Peace Agreement and to assist in the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration plan.|
|1999||1999||UNAMET||East Timor||To administer the territory, exercise legislative and executive authority during the transition period and support the creation of capacity for self-government.|
|1999||2004||UNTAET||East Timor||Created when the people of East Timor voted by means of a direct, secret and universal ballot to begin a process leading towards independence. The mission arises to administer the territory, exercise the legislative and executive authorities during the transition period and foster the capacity for self-government.|
|1999||2010||MONUC||Democratic Republic of the Congo||The initial objective was to plan the observance of the ceasefire and the separation of forces and maintain a link with all parties to the Ceasefire Agreement. Subsequently, in a series of resolutions, the Council extended the mandate of MONUC to monitor the implementation of the Ceasefire Agreement and assigned it several additional related tasks.|
|1998||1999||UNOMSIL||Sierra Leone||To monitor the military and security situation in Sierra Leone, as well as the disarmament and demobilization of former combatants. It was also asked to assist in monitoring respect for international humanitarian law.|
|1997||1999||MONUA||Angola||To assist the Angolan parties in consolidating peace and national reconciliation, enhancing confidence-building and creating an environment conducive to long-term stability, democratic development and rehabilitation of the country|
|1995||2002||MINUGUA||Guatemala||Established to verify the Agreement on the Definitive Ceasefire between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, signed in December 4, 1996.
The verification functions included an observation of a formal cessation of hostilities, the separation of forces and the demobilization of the URNG combatants in concentration points prepared specifically for this purpose.
|1995||1997||UNAVEM III||Angola||Established to assist the Government of Angola and the União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (UNITA) in restoring peace and achieving national reconciliation on the basis of the Peace Accords for Angola.|
|1994||2006||UNOMIG||Georgia||Established in August 1993 to verify compliance with the ceasefire agreement between the Government of Georgia and the Abkhaz authorities in Georgia.|
|1994||2008||MINURSO||Occidental Sahara||In accordance with the settlement proposals accepted on August 30, 1988 by Morocco and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguía el-Hamra and Río de Oro (POLISARIO Front). The settlement plan, as approved by the Security Council, established a transition period to prepare the holding of a referendum in which the people of Western Sahara would choose between independence and integration with Morocco. The Special Representative of the Secretary General would have sole and exclusive responsibility for matters related to the holding of the referendum, and would be assisted in his functions by a group made up of civilians, military and civilian police personnel, which is known as the Mission of United Nations for the Referendum in Western Sahara.|
|1994||2000||UNMOT||Tajikistan||Established to monitor the ceasefire agreement between the Government of Tajikistan and the United Tajik Opposition. Following the signing by the parties of the 1997 general peace agreement, UNMOT’s mandate was expanded to help monitor its implementation.|
|1993||1996||UNAMIR||Rwanda||Was originally established to help implement the Arusha Peace Agreement signed by the Rwandese parties on 4 August 1993. UNAMIR’s mandate and strength were adjusted on a number of occasions in the face of the tragic events of the genocide and the changing situation in the country.|
|1993||1997||UNOMIL||Liberia||Established to exercise good offices in support of the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States and the Liberian National Transitional Government to implement peace agreements; investigate alleged ceasefire violations; assist in maintenance of assembly sites and demobilization of combatants; support humanitarian assistance; investigate human rights violations and assist local human rights groups; observe and verify elections.
After the cease fire in July 1997, the United Nations supervised the elections in which Mr. Charles Taylor was elected president.
After assuming his functions, on August 2, 1997, the President constituted a new Government and promulgated a policy of reconciliation and national unity. UNOMIL had achieved its main objective.
|1992||1994||ONUMOZ||Mozambique||Established to help implement the General Peace Agreement, signed by the President of the Republic of Mozambique and the President of the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana. The mandate included facilitating the implementation of the Agreement; monitoring the ceasefire; monitoring the withdrawal of foreign forces and providing security in the transport corridors; providing technical assistance and monitoring the entire electoral process|
|1992||2003||UNIKOM||Iraq – Kuwait||Established following the forced withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Its task was to monitor the demilitarized zone along the Iraq-Kuwait border, deter border violations and report on any hostile action.|
|1992||1993||UNTAC||Cambodia||Established to ensure implementation of the Agreements on the Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict, signed in Paris on 23 October 1991. The mandate included aspects relating to human rights, the organization and conduct of elections, military arrangements, civil administration, maintenance of law and order, repatriation and resettlement of refugees and displaced persons and rehabilitation of Cambodian infrastructure.|
|1991||1993||MIDERMIN||Honduras – Nicaragua||Mission of Removal of Mined Fields in Nicaragua. Mission of Observation of the fulfillment of the commitments assumed between Honduras and Nicaragua.|
|1988||1991||UNIIMOG||Iran – Iraq||Established to verify, confirm and supervise the ceasefire and the withdrawal of all forces to the internationally recognized boundaries, pending a comprehensive settlement.|
|1988||1988||MARMIN||Honduras – Nicaragua||The border conflict takes place between Honduras and Nicaragua, where the latter invaded Honduran territory in the framework of the so-called Operation “Danto 88” pursuing supporters of the Nicaraguan “contra” so the UN Secretary General asked the mission to visit the area near the border where there were the incidents, to investigate them and to consult the Government of Nicaragua about them.|
|1935||1937||CM||Chaco Boreal||The war between Paraguay and Bolivia dates back to the War of Independence, in 1810. The Chaco Boreal was the territory in dispute. Both countries disputed it almost continuously for more than fifty years.|
|1930||1930||CM||Chaco Boreal||Mission sent at the request of the Commission of Investigation and Conciliation, which put an end to the War of the Fortines, between Paraguay and Bolivia.|